The operational environment in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Jordan) has been affected considerably by the deterioration in the security situation in the neighbouring Syrian Arab Republic (Syria) and the continued influx of Syrians into the country.
Jordan continues to provide asylum for a large number of Syrians, Iraqis and other refugees, despite the substantial strain on national systems and infrastructure. This pressure has become even more acute over the past two years, as the global financial crisis has had an impact on Jordan’s economic situation and infrastructure for water, electricity, waste management, education and health care.
Jordan is not a signatory of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees; however the protection space for refugees and asylum-seekers is considered favourable.
The 1998 Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between UNHCR and the Government is the basis for UNHCR’s activities in Jordan. In the absence of any international or national legal refugee instruments in force in the country, the MoU establishes the parameters for cooperation on providing protection and assistance to refugees and asylum-seekers, and allows mandate refugees a maximum stay of six months after recognition, during which a durable solution should be found.
Jordan has granted Syrian refugees access to services, such as health and education in host communities. Zaatari and Azraq camps for Syrian refugees were built on land provided by the authorities that are also providing security in the camp.
Syrian Refugees: Beyond No Man’s Land Into Jordan